Nearly 114 million people live off-grid in Pakistan, and they use traditional cook stoves. This results in 115,000 premature death in the country. Around the world nearly 3 billion people use traditional cooking stoves that use firewood, cow dung, charcoal or crop residue to burn fuel. This increases household air pollution (HAP). In Pakistan 16.3 million households are affected by HAP and the number of children dying due to HAP is 33,673. 90% of rural areas burn solid fuel to cook food and 30% in urban areas. This has resulted in Pakistan losing 47,000 hectares of forest cover every year, and households are spending 25% of their monthly income on these solid fuels.
A clean cooking stove is a stove with reduced toxic emissions that meet the World Health Organization (WHO) minimum requirements for indoor air quality. They reduce carbon emissions result in better carbon footprint for a country. Besides having health benefits, clean cooking stoves save on the cost of solid fuels needed to make food. They have positive externalities on the overall well-being of households, especially women and children.